The translation industry is booming. As the need for translation grows, technology steps in to fill the need. Increasingly, machine translation presents itself as the future of translation. But is it really?


First, let’s look at the translation industry’s strong growth. In 2016 the global translation industry reached an estimate of $40 billion. By 2020, the industry is likely to cap $45 billion. The industry’s annual growth rate through 2018 sits robustly between 6.5-7.5%.

Clearly, global market conditions continue to drive high demand for translation. As demand rises, the market has adapted to “mass produce” translation-related services.


In response, the language technology industry has grown and is estimated at $33 billion. The demand for translation has sparked development of automation technology, like machine translation.

At present there are different types of machines for translation: rule-based machine translation (RBMT) and statistical machine translation (SMT). RBMT is the more expensive of the two, since it requires laborious rule-setting and analysis. On the other hand, SMT is more simple and uses statistical data to generate translations.

One of the most famous SMT products is , of course, Google Translate. Launched in 2005, Google Translate is a cloud-based SMT technology. There are currently 104 languages available, and users are generally non-professionals who have no knowledge of the source language.

In November 2016, Google launched Neural Machine Translation (GNMT). The technology uses an artificial neural network in an effort to raise accuracy and fluency levels. Generally speaking, GNMT does mark an improvement for machine-translated texts in terms of accuracy and fluency.


But even with the improvements that GNMT, the technology still is not adequate for all translations. For example, GNMT is not suited to highly technical or legal translations. The GNMT system also requires massive input that totals more than three times more data than SMT.

In many ways, some form of automated translation is likely here to stay. However, concerns over accuracy and translation quality are common and valid. Another concern that is perhaps less discussed is the ethical issues raised by machines that translate. As we look to the future of the rapidly growing translation industry, the ethics of machines are critical to address.

Stay tuned for an upcoming article on the ethical issues surrounding machine translation!

This article is based on an academic study by Kaori Myatt, titled “The ethics of machine translation and crowdsourcing.”